Foot Health

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Each human foot has 33 joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and countless nerves and blood vessels that link all the way to the heart, spine, and brain. The human foot is better adapted to walk barefoot on soft natural surfaces such as sand and grass. However, most of the time, we walk on hard surfaces such as pavement. This can cause numerous problems with our feet. You may have pain in Heel, Ball-of-Foot, Ankle, Knee & lower-back due to it says Dr. Paul W. Brand, Chief of the Rehabilitation Branch of the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital in Carville, LA.

Common foot problems & recommended solutions


3Condition: Plantar Fasciitis

Definition: Inflammation of fibrous tissue along bottom of foot from beginning of heel bone to metatarsal
Causes: Occurs due to collapse of tissue in midfoot area, Over pronation (flat feet), high arch feet, sudden increase in physical activity, excessive weight gain, flipflops 
Symptoms: Heel pain, heel spurs, arch pain first thing in the morning or after a period of prolonged rest 
Prevention: Shoe fitted with arch support, proper cushioning and shock absorption, stretching & applying ice



Condition: Heel Pain Syndrome

Definition: Extreme heel discomfort, underneath the heel or just behind it, where the tendon attaches to the heel bone causing plantar fasciitis 
Causes: Over use of shoe with poor cushioning, excessive pressure on heel due to wrong standing posture
Prevention: Heel cups or cradles, orthotics with arch support, shock absorption, cushioning, footwear with elevated heels



2Condition: Metatarsalgia (Ball-of-Foot Pain)

Definition: Inflammation or pain at the thick skin area & bones and joints at the ball-of-foot
Causes: Thinning out of the fat pad, footwear with narrow toe boxes, high heels causing excessive pressure
Prevention: Wear with metatarsal pads, proper cushioning, wide toe boxes & low heels



3Condition: Achilles Tendonitis

Definition: Inflammation & degeneration of the tendon in the back of the leg that inserts into the heel 
Causes: Over-pronation, improper fitting footwear, inadequate stretching 
Prevention: Thorough stretching program, decrease in physical activity, orthotics with heel cups or cradles
Did you know that throughout the world no two feet are the same?
Every person has different types of foot shape and structure. Finding right footwear & orthotics that is suitable to your foot type is the key to prevent most common foot pain.  It allows you to live a healthy & comfortable life.
Buy footwear that correctly fits your foot
Most people don’t know their accurate foot size (length & width) & often buy shoes that are small in length or misfit. It may also have improper cushioning & lack orthotics support.
Get your foot Scanned
Buy shoes from shops equipped with foot scanning technology that is able to capture your foot size, foot girth, Arch length, arch type and pressure points and recommend the ideal footwear and orthotics for your needs.
Don’t wear footwear with high heels
While women love heels, they have four times as many foot problems as men and high heels are partly to blame. Whenever possible avoid wearing high heels.
Men wearing shoes with high & narrow toe area
Many men prefer to wear shoe with high toe spring & narrow toe box. Prolonged use of this type of footwear will cause discomfort & deformities in your foot. Avoid wearing such footwear for a healthy feet
Night time Care 
After being on your feet all day, give your feet a little care. Knead them gently with your thumbs to increase blood circulation. Then cover them with a good quality foot cream or nourishing gel to help keep the skin from cracking and drying.
Wear Anti bacterial socks
Socks are important foot health accessories too. Damp and dark conditions, such as those found in shoes, promote the growth of fungi, bacteria and odor. Protect your feet by wearing socks made with anti bacterial fibers that have been Lab tested to prove that they help eliminate these common bacteria & improve your skin’s appearance and foot health.
Consult your Doctor/Podiatrist
Customized footwear provides relief from common foot pain & is only supplement to foot health practices. Always consult a certified podiatrist or physician if you suffer from persistent pain or a medical condition.